Festival of Pola
India is probably the only country in the world,
where the festivals are celebrated to pay respect to the animals. Pola
is one such festival, when farmers pay respect to Bullocks. This is a
very popular festival in the rural parts of India.
India is a country with focus on Agriculture
as main source of income. Economic conditions in India largely depend on
Agricultural income. Although some parts of India now use mechanical
equipment for farming, in many parts bullocks are used for faarming.
Hence farmers celebrate this festival of Pola aslo known as 'Bail Pola' .
When & How Pola is celebrated?
Pola is celebrated on the new moon day (Pithori
Amavasya) of Shravan month (usually falls in August). On the previous
evening farmers remove the 'vesan (rope put through the nostrils of bull),
apply the paste of turmeric powder prepared in ground nut oil, to the
shoulder of the bull. Give a hot water bath. Give khichadi of
bajari to eat.
On the day of Pola, farmers take their
bullocks to the river & clean them thoroughly, worship their bullocks.
Decorate them by painting their horns, putting ornaments in the horns.
Decorative shawls are put on their body. Flower garlands are put
around the neck of bullocks. Then in the evening, all the bullocks are
taken through the streets in a joyous procession with the farmers
playing drums, bugles, lezim (a typical Indian musical instrument) etc...
On this evening in the rural parts of India,
fairs are conducted, wherein some competitions & outdoor games like
volleyball, wrestling, kabaddi, kho-kho etc...
In the urban parts of India, many people
bring wooden or earthen bullocks & worship them & celebrate this festival.
Most popular sweet dish prepared for on Pola
day is Puran Poli
- This festival teaches to respect the
- On this day though it is new moon day,
there are millions of stars in the night sky & they give an appearance in
the sky as if a wheat floor is spread all across the sky. Hence it
is also called Pithori Amavasya.
- After this festival the farming activities
like ploughing, sowing etc... begin.