|| Bali-Pratipada/Padva || 4th day of Diwali - New Year day
The Fourth day of
Diwali is called Padva or VarshaPratipada, which falls on Pratipada (1st day) of
lunar month of Kartik. It marks the coronation of King Vikramaditya and
Vikaram-Samvat was started from this Padva day. Also as per one story in Hindu
on Kartik Pratipada, Lord Vishnu in form of Vaman Avatara killed King Bali who
had imprisoned Shri Lakshmi and other deities.
On this day after
the Lakshmi Poojan, most families celebrate the new year by wearing new clothes,
jewellery and visiting family members and business colleagues to give them
sweets, dry fruits and gifts.
On this day,
Goverdhan Pooja is performed. As per Vishnu-Puran, the people of Gokul used to
celebrate a festival in honor of Lord Indra and worshipped him after the end of
every monsoon season. But one particular year the young Krishna stopped them
from offering prayers to Lord Indra who in terrific anger sent a deluge to
submerge Gokul. But Krishna saved his Gokul by lifting up the Govardhan Mountain
and holding it over the people as an umbrella.
This day is
also observed as Annakoot and prayers are offered in the temples. In temples
especially in Mathura and Nathadwara, the deities are given doodhbhat, dressed
in shining attires with ornaments of dazzling diamonds, pearls, rubies and other
On this day
wife performs aukshan to her husband, who in return offers a gift as a token of
love & affection.